Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1993;19(2):108-114    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.1499

Role of the herbicide atrazine in the development of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

by Hoar Zahm S, Weisenburger DD, Cantor KP, Holmes FF, Blair A

Atrazine is the most commonly used herbicide in the United States and is a wide-spread groundwater contaminant in the Midwest. The role of atrazine in the development of human non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) was investigated in three case-referent studies conducted in four midwestern states in the United States. A total of 993 white men with NHL and 2918 population-based referents were interviewed concerning their agricultural practices. When the results of the three studies were combined, atrazine use was associated with an odds ratio of 1.4 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.1-1.8, 130 cases, 249 referents) for NHL. However, adjustments for the use of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and organophosphate insecticides reduced the apparent association between NHL and atrazine in all but one state and reduced the associations for the long-term and frequent users in Nebraska. Detailed analyses suggested that there was little or no increase in the risk of NHL attributable to the agricultural use of atrazine.

The following article refers to this text: 1994;20(3):223-226