Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1992;18(3):186-194    pdf


Design of check-out systems including laser scanners for sitting work posture.

by Hinnen U, Laubli T, Guggenbuhl U, Krueger H

Forty-six laser scanner operators were compared with 106 cashiers operating conventional cash registers. The influence of job rotation on the two groups was evaluated, and several design features were examined. For this purpose the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was determined by means of a questionnaire and a physical examination. In addition, a three-dimensional movement analysis system was employed. Work postures were analyzed with the Ovako working analysis system. The results indicate that a beneficial effect on the musculoskeletal system is achieved by combining the operation of a laser scanner with job rotation. The study also points out the need for better equipment, including flat scanners and smaller keyboards, and a change in the angle between the scanner and the take-off belt running up to the cashier.