Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1997;23(4):281-288    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.221

Reproductive toxicity of 2-bromopropane in Sprague Dawley rats

by Yu IJ, Chung YH, Lim CH, Maeng SH, Lee JY, Kim HY, Lee SJ, Kim CH, Kim TG, Lim CH, Park JS, Moon YH

Objectives In an effort to clarify the mass intoxication of workers at an electronic company in Korea, the possible causative chemical for reproductive toxicity, 2-bromopropane (2BP), was investigated.

Methods 2BP was tested through the use of repeated dose experiments among male Sprague Dawley rats. Ten rats were assigned to each treatment group. Vehicle control olive oil and 2BP concentrations of 125 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg, and 500 mg/kg were injected into the intraperitoneum on 28 consecutive days.

Results The rats showed significant decreases in body weight depending on the 2BP dose. The right and left testes showed typical weight loss depending on the dose of 2BP. The red blood cells, hemoglobin, and hematocrit showed some degree of decline with the high dose. The amount of hemoglobin, the mean platelet volume, the number of white blood cells, and the number of lymphocytes decreased significantly with the high dose, while the number of granulocytes and monocytes had a tendency to decrease depending on the dose of 2BP. The histopathology of the testes treated with the middle and high 2BP dose showed a typical patch appearance with severely depleted atrophic tubules, exhibiting germ cell necrosis of spermatogonia and spermatocytes in the seminiferous tubules. Leydig cell hyperplasia or hypertrophy in the interstitial tissue was also noticeable. The epididymis showed some degree of atrophy with vacuolization of the epididymal epithelium.

Conclusion The testes are the main target organs tested for 2BP toxicity. 2BP also affect the hematopoietic system and thus induce leukopenia and normocytic anemia. Besides the reproductive organs and the hematopoietic system, no significant toxicity has been found.