Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1993;19(1):16-20    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.1509

Lung cancer among textile workers in the Prato area of Italy.

by Zappa M, Paci E, Seniori Costantini A, Kriebel D

The association between lung cancer and occupational exposure in the textile industry was investigated in a population-based case-referent study conducted in the Prato area of the province of Florence (Italy) where there is a concentration of textile factories. A complete response to a postal questionnaire was obtained for 207 cases (85.1%) and 440 referents (76.1%). Those who had ever worked in the textile industry had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.45 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.0-2.1]; when nine different textile job titles were considered, an increased OR was observed only for rag sorters (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8) and weavers (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1-2.7). Analysis by different "time windows" showed an OR of 3.0 (95% CI 1.6-5.8) for rag sorters at work in the 1950s and an OR of 2.8 (95% CI 1.5-5.0) for weavers at work in the 1970s. This result supports the suggestion of two different carcinogenic exposures in the Prato textile industry (asbestos and mineral oils).