Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1984;10(1):25-34    pdf


Radon in homes--a possible cause of lung cancer.

by Edling C, Kling H, Axelson O

An earlier case-referent study [Scand j work environ & health 5 (1979) 10-15] has indicated a possible relationship between lung cancer and exposure to radon and radon daughters in dwellings. Indoor radon concentrations seem to depend on both building material and leakage of radon from the ground. This new study, in a rural area, is a further attempt to elucidate the etiology of lung cancer, taking into consideration type of house and ground conditions, as well as smoking habits. Although the choice of a rural study population helped to eliminate various confounding exposures in the urban environment, it limited the size of the study because of the rareness of lung cancer in rural populations. Long-term residents, 30 years or more in the same houses, were studied, and again an association was found between lung cancer and estimated exposure to radon and radon daughters in homes. The data also seem to indicate the possibility of a multiplicative effect between smoking and exposure to radon and radon daughters in homes, but there was also some confounding between these factors in the data.