Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1992;18(6):346-350    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.1563

Fetal growth, preterm birth and infant mortality in relation to work with video display terminals during pregnancy.

by Nielsen CV, Brandt LP

Through register linkage between a trade union file and public health registers 24,352 pregnancy outcomes were selected from a source population of 214,108 commercial and clerical employees. In a case-base study including all recorded cases and a randomly selected base sample, the potential effect of video display terminal (VDT) use in pregnancy on the risk of low birthweight, preterm birth, light weight for delivery date, stillborn, perinatal death, and infant death was investigated. Data on VDT use and potential confounders were collected from postal questionnaires sent to 6312 women and 426 employers. The rate ratio for women exposed to any degree of use was 0.88 for low birthweight [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.67-1.16], 1.11 for preterm birth (95% CI 0.87-1.47), 0.99 for light weight for delivery date (95% CI 0.80-1.21), 0.73 for stillborn (95% CI 0.36-1.48), 1.10 for perinatal death (95% CI 0.62-1.94), and 0.20 for infant death (95% CI 0.04-1.03). In conclusion, this investigation did not show an increased risk of the studied adverse pregnancy outcomes among women with VDT use.