Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1982;8(1):70-73    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.2494

Phenoxy acid herbicides cause peroxisome proliferation in Chinese hamsters.

by Vainio H, Nickels J, Linnainmaa K

An increase in either the size or amount of peroxisomes was obtained in the liver cells of Chinese hamsters after the animals were exposed to the phenoxy herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) or 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA). At the dose level studied, 2,4-D was found to be more potent than MCPA in increasing the number of peroxisomes. A phenoxy acid derivative, clofibrate, one of the peroxisome proliferators known to possess carcinogenic properties in rodents, appeared to be still more potent in inducing peroxisome proliferation than either of the herbicides studied. Further investigations are warranted to clarify the significance of peroxisome proliferation to the toxicity of phenoxy herbicides.