Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 1976;2(4):232-239    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.2799 | Issue date: Dec 1976

Magnetic measurements of pulmonary contamination.

by Kalliomäki PL, Karp PJ, Katila T, Makipaa P, Saar P, Tossavainen A

The magnitic determination of pulmonary contamination is based on the remanent magnetization of ferromagnetic contaminating particles. The remanent field of the externally magnetized particles is proportional to their amount and shows their distribution. Although only magnetizable particles are detected with this method, the amount of the inhaled ferromagnetic substance can be used when the total dust exposure of the worker is estimated. In this work five shipyard welders were studied. First the particles disposed to the lungs were externally magnetized and then their distribution was mapped with a sensitive magnetometer. The magnitudes of the remanent fields measured from the welders differed from the fields measured from controls by several orders of magnitude. The radiographic findings showed a good correlation with the magnetic measurements, and further experiments will prove whether this method can partly replace presently used radiological investigations.