Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 2023;49(3):201-210    pdf full text

https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.4079 | Published online: 23 Jan 2023, Issue date: 01 Apr 2023

Precarious employment at a young age and labor-market marginalization during middle-adulthood: A register-linked cohort study

by Thern E, Matilla-Santander N, Bodin T, Hemmingsson T

Objective The present study aims to investigate the association between exposure to precarious employment three years after graduation and the risk of labor market marginalization (LMM) ten years later.

Methods A registered-linked cohort study based on the Swedish Work, Illness, and Labor-market Participation (SWIP) cohort was conducted among all individuals born between 1973 and 1976, who were registered in Sweden the year they turned 27 years old (N=365 702). Information on the exposure of labor market establishment three years after graduating from school and outcome of LMM ten years after graduating was collected from nationwide registers. Relative risk ratios (RRR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained by multinominal logistic regression.

Results After considering important covariates, young adults in precarious employment three years after graduation were at an increased risk of future long-term unemployment (RRR 2.31), later precarious employment (RRR 2.85), and long-term sickness absence/disability pension (RRR 1.43) compared to individuals who had obtained standard employment arrangements within three years of graduating. Young precariously employed men had a slightly strong association compared to females with regards to all outcomes.

Conclusion The result of this study suggests that both young men and women in precarious employment three years after graduation are more likely to have a weaker attachment to the labor force later in life compared to individuals of the same age in standard employment. This is important as the prevalence of precarious employment is increasing globally, and young adults appear to be especially vulnerable.

This article refers to the following texts of the Journal: 2020;46(3):235-247  2021;47(2):117-126  2021;47(7):509-520  2022;48(5):351-360
The following article refers to this text: 2024;50(4):257-267
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