Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 2001;27(4):233-239    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.610

Occupation and the risk of laryngeal cancer in Turkey

by Elci OC, Dosemeci M, Blair A

Objectives A hospital-based case-referent study was conducted in Turkey to provide further information on occupational risk factors and laryngeal cancer.

Methods Among 7631 cancer cases seen at an oncology treatment center between 1979 and 1984, 958 laryngeal cancer cases were identified among men. Occupational history, tobacco and alcohol use, and demographic data were obtained from patients with a standardized questionnaire. Special 7-digit standard occupational and industrial codes were created to classify the job and industrial titles of the subjects. After exclusions, 940 laryngeal cancer cases and 1519 referents were available for study. Age-, smoking- and alcohol-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated.

Results Excess laryngeal cancer occurred among guards (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1), production supervisors (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.1), textile workers (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-3.3), drivers (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1-2.4), construction workers (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.6), and workers in grain mills (OR 3.1, 95% CI: 1.3-7.6), trade unions (OR 3.6, 95% CI: 1.1-11.7) and local government services (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.7-12.5). Supraglottic cancer was excessive among the textile workers, construction workers, and local government laborers, all with potential dust exposure. The risks of the general managers, electricians, and workers from industries such as pharmaceutical production, industrial machinery production, electric utilities, and retail services were lower than expected.

Conclusions The risk of laryngeal cancer was associated with several occupations, and supraglottic larynx cancer appears to be more common among workers in dusty occupations and industries.

The following articles refer to this text: 2002;28(4):278-284; 2006;32(4):270-275