Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health 2021;47(5):335-348    pdf full text

doi:10.5271/sjweh.3955

Occupational trajectories of working conditions in Sweden: Development trends in the workforce, 1997–2015

by Corin L, Pousette A, Berglund T, Dellve L, Hensing G, Björk L

Objective This study aimed to explore the development of working conditions within and between occupations in the Swedish labor market from 1997 to 2015 and whether any polarization in working conditions concurrently occurred between occupations.

Methods Cross-sectional data from ten waves of the Swedish Work Environment Surveys (1997–2015) were used and an aggregated occupational-level dataset was created using the Swedish Standard Classification of Occupations. To capture the patterns of change in working conditions over time (ie, growth), growth curve modeling was used to identify the starting points for 89 occupations (intercepts) as well as both the shape (functional form) and rate of growth (slope) over time.

Results The Swedish labor market was stable overall, with some small, mainly positive, changes in job demands and resources. Different occupations developed in divergent directions, but there was no evidence of polarization.

Conclusions The findings indicate that macro-level stability can hide highly heterogeneous patterns of change among different occupational groups. This type of analysis, taking context into account, could be valuable for decision makers intending to improve the work environment.

This article refers to the following texts of the Journal: 2003;29(4):270-279  2009;35(4):284-293
The following article refers to this text: 2021;47(5):329-333
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