Original article

Scand J Work Environ Health Online-first -article    pdf

doi:10.5271/sjweh.3983

Working from home: mismatch between access and need in relation to work–home interference and fatigue

by de Wind A, Beckers DGJ, Nijp HH, Hooftman W, de Boer AGEM, Geurts SAE

Objectives Working from home (WfH) is a promising practice that may enable employees to successfully and sustainably combine work and private life. Yet, not every employer facilitates WfH and not every employee has similar needs concerning the practice. The current study aims to examine the association of a WfH mismatch with work–home interference (WHI) and fatigue.

Methods Data on WfH, WHI, and fatigue of a quasi-representative sample of 2374 Dutch employees in 2012/13 and a follow-up measurement one year later were used. Cross-sectional and longitudinal regression analyses were conducted to investigate the cross-sectional and temporal associations between WfH mismatch on the one hand and (changes in) time-based and strain-based WHI and fatigue on the other hand.

Results In the cross-sectional analyses, WfH mismatch was significantly associated with higher time-based WHI (B=0.13), strain-based WHI (B=0.17) and more fatigue (B=0.32). WfH mismatch was not associated with changes in these outcomes after one year of follow-up.

Conclusions A tailored WfH organizational policy, in which employees’ need for working from home is taken into account, may be a fruitful approach to utilize WfH as a way for employees to successfully and sustainably combine work and private life to its full potential.

This article refers to the following texts of the Journal: 2006;32(6):482-492  2006;32(6):502-514  2012;38(4):299-313  2015;41(4):347-355